Upward Trend In Suicide Cases: How Can You Identify Red Signals In Time? | Mental Health

September 10, 2021 0 Comments



September 10 is observed as World Suicide Prevention Day, this year, the theme for the day is, ‘Creating hope through action’

New Delhi: World Health Organisation says that every 40 seconds, someone in the world takes their own life. It states that 75% of these cases are from low- or middle-income countries. WHO states that India has the highest suicide rate in South-East Asia. In 2019, the country reported the average of 381 suicide cases daily. It also said this rate increased in 2019 by 3.4% as compared to 2018. WHO also stated that 50% of these cases were from five states – Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka. Breaking it down in terms of gender, WHO said that for every 100 suicide deaths, 70.2 were male and 29.8 were female. Many studies have also pointed out time and again that suicide is the leading cause of death in India among 15-29 year olds.

Also Read: Each COVID-19 Surge Poses A Risk For Healthcare Workers: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

According to National Crime Records Bureau, deaths due to suicide has shown an upward trend in India. As per the data, in 2016, 1,31,008 people died annually from suicides. In 2018, it went up by 2.68% in 2018 to 1,34,516 and in 2019 it went up by another 3.42% to 1,39,123.

Experts think suicide is preventable, if timely intervention is done. September 10 is observed as World Suicide Prevention Day, and this is the day to raise awareness on suicides and promote preventive measures with an overall aim to reduce deaths due to suicides across the world. This year, the theme for the day is, ‘Creating hope through action’.

NDTV speaks with experts to know more about suicide prevention, how can one identify warning signs in time and prevent suicides from happening.

Talking about why suicide rates are higher in younger population, Dr Gini K Gopinath, Chief Psychology Officer, YourDOST, said,

In general, the kind of exposure the younger population has in today’s time is very different from other age groups. Their thought process, level of understanding – all is very different. We have also seen the frustration, tolerance among younger lot is very less as they get whatever they want very easily. In family circumstances, we have also seen, the dependence on mobile for younger population is more. So, many a times, even families miss out on the warning signs of suicides.

Also Read: Consultations For Anxiety, Depression, Gaming Addiction Doubled During COVID-19 Pandemic: Study

He further said that the warning signs which one should look out for, to prevent suicides from happening, is a change in behaviour. He added,

See their day-to-day behaviour, if you notice a change, closely observe them, talk it out, try and find out what is going on with an individual.

On the other hand, talking about the rise in suicide cases now compared to previous years, Puroitree Majumdar, Senior Clinical Psychologist, YourDOST said,

Don’t think this is a generation shift issue. I do think, mental illness, lack of awareness about it existed even before generation Z came in. However, now there is more talk about the issue, more cases are being identified and more and more people are taking therapies. Having said that, I do think, the pressure to perform in personal or social life or to be like a particular kind has increased over the past few years and that creates a different space for the younger lot, as a result they sometimes think that suicide is the only option. I also think there is a lot of communication gap, there are also a lot of judgements on what is right and wrong.

Stressing on the solutions and how can we prevent suicides from happening, Dr Gini K Gopinath said,

We need to break the stigma associated with mental health, we need to think of ways through which we can easily talk it out, especially with our families. We need to learn to speak our mind out. Asking for help is my right – we need to believe in that direction. We need to start with open communications with our friends and family.

Also Read: Impact Of COVID-19 On The Mental Health Of Children And How Parents Can Help Them

Talking about how society, people around can help in the prevention, Puroitree Majumdar said,

First thing one can do is to show up – make sure you tell the vulnerable person or person in need that you are there to listen. For most people, we have seen that they were thinking of taking suicide as the ultimate step, they were planning to do the same for long. So, I think, for people around them, this is the biggest cue, if you see someone is not in their best behaviour, just try and talk it out with them. It is not just about having the first conversation, people need to keep showing up. Let them know that you will check on them in two or three days.

Also Read: How To Ensure Mental Wellbeing Of Children During The COVID-19 Crisis

If you need support or know someone who does, please reach out to your nearest mental health specialist.

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World

22,42,60,335Cases

18,72,26,235Active

3,24,09,345Recovered

46,24,755Deaths

Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 22,42,60,335 and 46,24,755 have died; 18,72,26,235 are active cases and 3,24,09,345 have recovered as on September 12, 2021 at 3:36 am.

India

3,32,36,921 28,591Cases

3,84,9216,595Active

3,24,09,345 34,848Recovered

4,42,655 338Deaths

In India, there are 3,32,36,921 confirmed cases including 4,42,655 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,84,921 and 3,24,09,345 have recovered as on September 12, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

64,97,872

51,285 35

63,08,491

1,38,096 35

Kerala

43,55,191 20,487

2,32,352 5,849

41,00,355 26,155

22,484 181

Karnataka

29,60,932 801

16,699 356

29,06,746 1,142

37,487 15

Tamil Nadu

26,32,231 1,639

16,399 95

25,80,686 1,517

35,146 27

Andhra Pradesh

20,28,795 1,145

15,157 38

19,99,651 1,090

13,987 17

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,526 14

184 7

16,86,468 11

22,874 10

West Bengal

15,56,157 752

8,203 16

15,29,387 754

18,567 14

Delhi

14,38,211 57

412 13

14,12,716 44

25,083

Odisha

10,15,713 630

6,367 84

10,01,254 706

8,092 8

Chhattisgarh

10,04,844 24

379 12

9,90,907 36

13,558

Rajasthan

9,54,184 9

89 4

9,45,141 5

8,954

Gujarat

8,25,600 16

162 4

8,15,356 12

10,082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,327 16

136 6

7,81,674 10

10,517

Haryana

7,70,640 14

531 26

7,60,423 40

9,686

Bihar

7,25,820 14

76 2

7,16,086 12

9,658

Telangana

6,61,302 296

5,324 27

6,52,085 322

3,893 1

Punjab

6,01,009 39

319 4

5,84,237 43

16,453

Assam

5,94,846 499

5,913 116

5,83,193 607

5,740 8

Jharkhand

3,48,062 7

128 14

3,42,801 21

5,133

Uttarakhand

3,43,211 24

320 1

3,35,502 23

7,389

Jammu And Kashmir

3,26,799 146

1,301 8

3,21,086 138

4,412

Himachal Pradesh

2,15,604 167

1,620 62

2,10,349 224

3,635 5

Goa

1,74,799 29

775 65

1,70,808 92

3,216 2

Puducherry

1,24,675 46

914 81

1,21,940 126

1,821 1

Manipur

1,16,899 292

2,847 78

1,12,243 212

1,809 2

Tripura

83,597 44

544 61

82,248 105

805

Meghalaya

78,015 138

1,913 94

74,750 226

1,352 6

Mizoram

70,840 1,089

12,429 82

58,175 1,004

236 3

Chandigarh

65,149 4

28 3

64,305 1

816

Arunachal Pradesh

53,710 47

561 22

52,879 68

270 1

Nagaland

30,594 39

639 11

29,319 48

636 2

Sikkim

30,565 64

863 16

29,325 48

377

Ladakh

20,601 1

34 5

20,360 6

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,670

7 0

10,659

4

Lakshadweep

10,351 1

3 1

10,297

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,580 1

8 1

7,443

129





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