‘Indian Strain’ Of Coronavirus Found In 17 Countries: WHO | News

April 28, 2021 0 Comments



The WHO said that studies have highlighted that the spread of the second wave of COVID-19 has been much faster than the first in India

Highlights
  • B.1.617.3 was first detected in India in October 2020
  • In many cities in Maharashtra B.1.617 variant was found: Expert
  • Globally, new COVID-19 cases increased for the ninth consecutive week: WHO

Geneva: The ‘Indian strain’ of the coronavirus, also known as B.1.617 or a ‘double mutant’, has been found in at least 17 countries, the WHO has said, as the world grapples to contain the surge in the COVID-19 cases with 5.7 million infections detected last week, surpassing previous peaks.

Also Read: WHO Bolsters Support To India To Tackle Second COVID-19 Wave

The B.1.617 variant of SARS-CoV2 or the ‘Indian strain’, feared to be contributing to a surge in coronavirus cases in India, has been designated as the Variants of Interest (VOI) by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the UN health agency said in its weekly epidemiological update on Tuesday.

As of 27 April, over 1,200 sequences have been uploaded to GISAID and assigned to lineage B.1.617 (collectively) from at least 17 countries, it said, adding that most sequences were uploaded from India, the United Kingdom, USA and Singapore.

GISAID is a global science initiative and primary source established in 2008 that provides open-access to genomic data of influenza viruses and the coronavirus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic.

Emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants within Pango lineage B.1.617 were recently reported as a VOI from India and have recently been designated as VOIs by WHO, it said.

The WHO said that studies have highlighted that the spread of the second wave has been much faster than the first in India.

Preliminary modelling by WHO based on sequences submitted to GISAID suggest that B.1.617 has a higher growth rate than other circulating variants in India, suggesting potential increased transmissibility, with other co-circulating variants also demonstrating increased transmissibility. Other drivers may include challenges around the implementation and adherence to public health and social measures (PHSM), and social gatherings (including mass gatherings during cultural and religious celebrations, and elections). Further investigation is needed to understand the relative contribution of these factors,” the report by the global health body said.

Also Read: COVID-19 Vaccine FAQs: Should Women Avoid COVID Vaccine During Periods? How To Use A Pulse Oximeter?

In many cities in Maharashtra – the worst-hit state in India – the B.1.617 variant was found in more than 50 per cent of samples on which genome sequencing was conducted, Sujeet Singh, the Director of the National Centre for Disease Control, had said in a webinar on genome sequencing last week.

The B.1.617 variant comprises several sub-lineages, including B.1.617.1, B.1.617.2 and B.1.617.3, which slightly differ by their characteristic mutations, the WHO report said. Both B.1.617.1 and B.1.617.2 were first identified in India in December 2020, and have been detected at increasing prevalence concurrent to the major upsurge observed in the country.

B.1.617.3 was first detected in India in October 2020, but relatively fewer viruses matching this sub-lineage have been reported to date, the report said. The B.1.617 variant has three new spike protein mutations. Two mutations — E484Q and L452R — are in the area important for antibody-based neutralisation. The third mutation — P681R — allows the virus to enter cells a little better. These are defining characteristics of the variant.

Covishield and Covaxin – the two coronavirus vaccines currently in use in India – have efficacy against the ‘Indian strain’ and show “milder” illness in case of infection post vaccination, Anurag Agrawal, the Director of the Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), said, citing preliminary results of a study.

The WHO said that globally, new COVID-19 cases increased for the ninth consecutive week, with nearly 5.7 million new cases reported in the last week, surpassing previous peaks and India accounts for 38 per cent of the global cases reported during the period. The number of new deaths increased for the sixth consecutive week, with over 87,000 new deaths reported. For the third consecutive week, the South-East Asia region reported the highest relative increases in both case and death incidences.

While a number of countries in the region are reporting upward trends, India accounts for the vast majority of cases from this regional trend and 38 per cent of global cases reported in the past week, it said.

With 52 per cent increase, India has reported the highest number of new cases (21,72,063) followed by the US (406,001 new cases; 15 per cent decrease), Brazil (404,623 new cases; 12 per cent decrease), Turkey (378,771 new cases; 9 per cent decrease), and France (211,674 new cases; 9 per cent decrease).

Also Read: COVID Vaccination: Dos And Don’ts To Remember As Vaccines Rollout For All Adults From May 1

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

15,05,10,700Cases

5,98,04,176Active

8,75,41,055Recovered

31,65,469Deaths

Coronavirus has spread to 192 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 15,05,10,700 and 31,65,469 have died; 5,98,04,176 are active cases and 8,75,41,055 have recovered as on April 30, 2021 at 3:48 am.

India

1,87,62,976 386452Cases

31,70,228 85414Active

1,53,84,418 297540Recovered

2,08,330 3498Deaths

In India, there are 1,87,62,976 confirmed cases including 2,08,330 deaths. The number of active cases is 31,70,228 and 1,53,84,418 have recovered as on April 30, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths

DistrictCases

Mumbai45,478

Thane13,660

Pune9,920

Mumbai Suburban5,363

Aurangabad1,974

Nashik1,575

Raigad1,462

Palghar1,421

Solapur1,291

Jalgaon1,039

Akola757

Nagpur692

Kolhapur646

Satara629

Ratnagiri350

Amravati291

Dhule228

Hingoli208

Jalna201

Ahmednagar190

Nanded176

Yavatmal150

Sangli145

Latur139

Osmanabad125

Sindhudurg114

Buldhana88

Parbhani78

gondia69

Beed54

Nandurbar42

Gadchiroli42

Bhandara41

Chandrapur32

Washim13

Wardha11

45,39,553 66,159

6,72,302 3,149

37,99,266 68,537

67,985 771

DistrictCases

Kannur357

Kasaragod333

Palakkad224

Malappuram119

Kollam118

Thrissur106

Thiruvananthapuram104

Pathanamthitta98

Kozhikode90

Alappuzha76

Kottayam73

Ernakulam60

Idukki40

Wayanad36

15,33,984 38,607

2,84,424 17,443

12,44,301 21,116

5,259 48

DistrictCases

Udupi1,176

Kalaburagi669

Yadgir538

Bengaluru Urban529

Raichur369

Mandya346

Belagavi337

Bidar219

Hassan205

Davangere204

Vijayapura201

Dakshina Kannada179

Chikkaballapura149

Mysuru107

Bagalkote103

Uttara Kannada95

Shivamogga67

Dharwad61

Ballari60

Gadag45

Bengaluru Rural40

Tumakuru36

Kolar29

Haveri24

Chikkamagaluru19

Chitradurga14

Koppal5

Kodagu4

Ramanagara3

Chamarajanagara0

14,74,846 35,024

3,49,515 20,612

11,10,025 14,142

15,306 270

DistrictCases

Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119

Agra933

Ghaziabad794

Meerut504

Lucknow386

Saharanpur298

Kanpur Nagar286

Moradabad252

Varanasi243

Hapur225

Aligarh215

Basti214

Amethi206

Rampur203

Jaunpur194

Firozabad190

Barabanki168

Gorakhpur166

Bulandshahr166

Siddharth Nagar159

Ghazipur159

Bijnor157

Deoria143

Azamgarh138

Sant Kabeer Nagar132

Mathura129

Ayodhya120

Muzaffarnagar117

Sambhal116

Sultanpur97

Ambedkar Nagar92

Maharajganj85

Amroha80

Rae Bareli78

Bahraich73

Kheri72

Kannauj69

Baghpat68

Kushi Nagar67

Bhadohi60

Ballia60

Gonda59

Etah52

Hardoi49

Balrampur49

Mau48

Mainpuri46

Etawah46

Hathras43

Unnao42

Jalaun41

Jhansi41

Shamli40

Chandauli38

Auraiya37

Farrukhabad36

Sitapur32

Prayagraj30

Banda27

Shahjahanpur25

Shravasti23

Budaun23

Mirzapur22

Bareilly17

Kasganj16

Pratapgarh15

Pilibhit15

Sonbhadra10

Kaushambi6

Kanpur Dehat4

Chitrakoot4

Lalitpur3

Hamirpur3

Mahoba3

Fatehpur3

12,17,952 35,104

3,09,237 9,196

8,96,477 25,613

12,238 295

DistrictCases

Chennai23,324

Chengalpattu1,314

Thiruvallur774

Villupuram509

Kanchipuram503

Tiruvannamalai496

Cuddalore477

Ariyalur444

Tirunelveli433

Tuticorin333

Kallakurichi324

Madurai322

Salem258

Coimbatore188

Virudhunagar185

Dindigul175

Perambalur133

Ranipet133

Thanjavur130

Theni129

Tiruchirappalli119

Ramanathapuram119

Tiruppur116

Kanniyakumari110

Tenkasi103

Nagapattinam99

Karur88

Namakkal83

Erode75

Vellore71

Thiruvarur67

Pudukkottai53

Sivaganga46

Tirupathur45

Krishnagiri43

The Nilgiris17

Dharmapuri15

11,48,064 17,897

1,12,556 2,248

10,21,575 15,542

13,933 107

DistrictCases

North West5,463

Central4,817

West4,768

New Delhi3,405

North3,059

East2,472

South East2,446

South West2,391

South2,329

North East1,914

Shahdara1,580

11,22,286 24,235

97,977 5,447

10,08,537 29,287

15,772 395

DistrictCases

Kurnool795

Krishna557

Guntur511

Anantapur428

East Godavari356

Chittoor319

Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296

Y.S.R.205

West Godavari199

Srikakulam183

Prakasam104

Visakhapatnam103

Vizianagaram23

10,84,336 14,792

1,14,158 6,547

9,62,250 8,188

7,928 57

DistrictCases

Kolkata2,777

Howrah1,435

24 Paraganas North1,031

Hooghly604

24 Paraganas South281

Maldah235

Dinajpur Uttar216

Coochbehar210

Birbhum206

Medinipur West159

Medinipur East153

Nadia139

Purba Bardhaman130

Murshidabad125

Bankura116

Darjeeling97

Jalpaiguri88

Paschim Bardhaman70

Purulia66

Dinajpur Dakshin50

Alipurduar39

Kalimpong18

Jhargram9

8,10,955 17,403

1,10,241 4,429

6,89,466 12,885

11,248 89

DistrictCases

Bilaspur100

Korba100

Mungeli87

Baloda Bazar85

Jashpur77

Janjgir-Champa56

Mahasamund54

Rajnandgaon52

Kabirdham52

Raigarh47

Raipur46

Balod41

Korea39

Durg31

Bemetara21

Kanker19

Balrampur17

Surguja14

Gariyaband10

Surajpur9

Dhamtari6

Bijapur2

Bastar2

Dantewada0

Kondagaon0

Narayanpur0

Sukma0

7,13,706 15,804

1,17,910 936

5,87,484 16,489

8,312 251

DistrictCases

Jaipur2,177

Jodhpur1,748

Udaipur724

Bharatpur563

Kota503

Nagaur500

Ajmer379

Dungarpur374

Pali352

Jhalawar329

Bhilwara250

Sikar231

Chittorgarh188

Tonk171

Jalore164

Rajsamand140

Sirohi130

Bikaner112

Banswara91

Alwar90

Churu81

Jhunjhunu64

Dausa61

Dholpur60

Baran59

Jaisalmer53

Barmer34

Hanumangarh31

SawaiMadhopur26

Karauli17

Pratapgarh14

Ganganagar8

Bundi5

5,80,846 17,269

1,69,519 6,147

4,07,243 10,964

4,084 158

DistrictCases

Ahmadabad17,125

Surat2,311

Vadodara1,555

Gandhinagar410

Mahesana159

Banas Kantha147

Bhavnagar146

Rajkot135

Arvalli134

Mahisagar125

Anand107

PanchMahals107

Patan105

SabarKantha101

Kachchh99

Kheda98

Jamnagar63

Bharuch56

Botad55

Surendranagar55

Valsad47

GirSomnath45

Dohad43

Chhotaudepur37

Naysari35

Junagadh31

Narmada25

DevbhumiDwarka22

Amreli16

Porbandar11

Tapi6

Dang5

Morbi4

5,53,172 14,327

1,37,794 4,603

4,08,368 9,544

7,010 180

DistrictCases

Indore3,839

Bhopal1,880

Ujjain799

Burhanpur351

Neemuch319

Jabalpur276

East Nimar266

Sagar228

Gwalior211

Khargone196

Dewas140

Dhar132

Mandsaur112

Morena109

Bhind87

Raisen71

Barwani60

Ratlam51

Rewa39

Shajapur39

Hoshangabad37

Vidisha37

Chhatarpur35

Betul35

Rajgarh31

Dindori29

Sheopur26

Damoh26

Satna24

Anuppur22

Panna20

Tikamgarh18

Sidhi17

Narsinghpur17

Chhindwara16

Agar Malwa15

Mandla15

Shivpuri15

Jhabua14

Shandol14

Singrauli13

Ashoknagar13

Datia12

Sehore12

Umaria10

Balaghat9

Guna8

Harda4

Alirajpur3

Katni3

Seoni2

Niwari0

5,50,927 12,762

92,077 696

4,53,331 13,363

5,519 95

DistrictCases

Gurugram2,950

Faridabad867

Sonipat404

Rohtak145

Palwal120

Jhajjar114

Karnal104

Hisar98

Ambala93

Panipat78

Nuh68

Bhiwani60

Rewari56

Kurukshetra55

Sirsa50

Kaithal48

Mahendragarh47

CharkiDadri43

Panchkula39

Fatehabad38

Jind38

Yamunanagar19

4,74,145 13,947

93,175 4,315

3,76,852 9,535

4,118 97

DistrictCases

Patna279

Bhagalpur266

Rohtas256

Khagaria253

Begusarai243

Madhubani199

Munger188

Jehanabad178

Katihar175

Darbhanga143

Samastipur139

Siwan139

PurbiChamparan138

Purnia135

Banka134

Buxar134

Nalanda123

Gopalganj123

Nawada122

Sheikhpura118

Gaya115

Kaimur (bhabua)105

Bhojpur103

Saran101

Muzaffarpur96

Saharsa88

Supaul87

Vaishali87

Madhepura82

Kishanganj75

Aurangabad75

Sitamarhi73

Lakhisarai72

Araria68

Pashchim Champaran57

Arwal52

Jamui47

Sheohar20

4,54,464 13,089

1,00,822 2,074

3,51,162 10,926

2,480 89

DistrictCases

Hyderabad2,475

Ranga Reddy183

Suryapet87

Jagitial77

Nizamabad76

MedchalMalkajgiri75

Mancherial43

YadadriBhuvanagiri40

Jogulamba Gadwal40

Vikarabad40

Nalgonda33

Warangal Urban32

Mahabubnagar30

Sangareddy26

Khammam26

Adilabad22

Nirmal21

Karimnagar17

RajannaSircilla16

Medak11

Kamareddy11

Mahabubabad10

Jayashankar Bhupalapally9

Nagarkurnool8

Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8

Jangoan8

Siddipet7

Peddapalli5

Bhadradri Kothagudem5

Warangal Rural4

Mulugu3

Narayanpet3

Wanaparthy1

4,35,606 7,646

77,727 1,667

3,55,618 5,926

2,261 53

DistrictCases

Ganjam581

Jajapur322

Khordha238

Baleshwar190

Kendrapara164

Cuttack155

Bhadrak137

Balangir129

Puri103

Sundargarh102

Jagatsinghapur91

Nayagarh86

Mayurbhanj73

Nuapada69

Gajapati61

Dhenkanal36

Boudh34

Kendujhar34

Deogarh33

Kalahandi33

Sonepur29

Kandhamal28

Anugul26

Malkangiri20

Bargarh16

Koraput16

Sambalpur16

Jharsuguda8

Nabarangpur2

Rayagada2

4,35,513 6,998

53,084 2,307

3,80,400 4,679

2,029 12

DistrictCases

Amritsar485

Jalandhar297

Ludhiana293

Tarn Taran163

Gurdaspur154

Hoshiarpur140

S.A.S Nagar137

Patiala132

Sangrur107

Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99

Pathankot86

Rupnagar (Ropar)74

Faridkot74

Sri Muktsar Sahib71

Moga65

Bathinda60

Fatehgarh Sahib57

Fazilka53

Firozepur50

Kapurthala44

Mansa31

Barnala25

3,64,910 6,724

54,954 1,528

3,01,047 5,059

8,909 137

DistrictCases

Kamrup Metro276

Golaghat203

Nagaon143

Hojai89

Dima Hasao86

Karimganj85

Tinsukia84

Cachar80

Dibrugarh61

Hailakandi57

Lakhimpur57

Marigaon50

Dhemaji47

Kamrup42

Kokrajhar37

Dhubri30

Charaideo29

Barpeta28

Udalguri28

Sonitpur27

Jorhat24

Nalbari23

Darrang20

Sivasagar20

Goalpara19

Biswanath16

Baksa14

KarbiAnglong13

Bongaigaon12

Chirang6

West KarbiAnglong5

South SalmaraMancachar4

Majuli2

2,49,926 3,079

24,451 1,256

2,24,194 1,797

1,281 26

DistrictCases

East Singhbum170

Ranchi148

Hazaribagh110

Garhwa80

Ramgarh75

Koderma58

Simdega48

Dhanbad32

Gumla28

Palamu27

West Singhbhum21

SaraikelaKharsawan20

Giridih19

Bokaro16

Latehar14

Khunti10

Lohardaga8

Deoghar5

Dumka5

Pakur4

Jamtara2

Godda2

Chatra1

Sahebganj0

2,27,450 5,961

55,877 1,061

1,69,033 4,755

2,540 145

DistrictCases

Dehradun370

Nainital323

Tehri Garhwal110

Haridwar94

Udam Singh Nagar83

Almora71

Champawat45

Pithoragarh43

Chamoli36

PauriGarhwal36

Bageshwar31

Rudraprayag30

Uttar Kashi24

1,74,867 6,251

48,319 2,936

1,24,046 3,230

2,502 85

DistrictCases

Anantnag395

Srinagar300

Kulgam295

Baramulla271

Shopian255

Kupwara231

Bandipora175

Udhampur155

Ramban151

Jammu138

Budgam110

Pulwama108

Kathua53

Rajouri39

Ganderbal37

Poonch35

Doda27

Reasi26

Samba25

Kishtwar10

Mirpur0

Muzaffarabad0

1,72,551 3,474

26,144 1,831

1,44,154 1,617

2,253 26

DistrictCases

Hamirpur117

Kangra105

Una41

Solan32

Chamba29

Bilaspur21

Mandi21

Sirmaur11

Shimla10

Kullu4

Kinnaur2

Lahaul And Spiti0

96,929 3,040

17,835 1,737

77,634 1,263

1,460 40

DistrictCases

South Goa69

North Goa57

88,028 3,019

20,898 2,069

65,984 914

1,146 36

DistrictCases

Pondicherry111

Mahe4

Karaikal2

Yanam0

57,427 1,122

8,989 545

47,645 565

793 12

DistrictCases

Chandigarh313

41,923 801

6,652 346

34,806 447

465 8

DistrictCases

Dhalai196

Sepahijala174

Gomati74

South Tripura53

Unakoti49

West Tripura45

Khowai24

North Tripura14

35,169 141

1,161 91

33,612 50

396

DistrictCases

Churachandpur32

Kangpokpi26

Imphal West21

Thoubal18

Imphal East10

Tengnoupal9

Bishnupur7

Senapati6

Chandel5

Kamjong5

Ukhrul4

Jiribam3

Pherzawl3

Kakching2

Tamenglong2

Noney1

31,315 314

1,225 5

29,690 314

400 5

DistrictCases

Changlang31

Papum Pare8

Lohit3

Namsai2

West Siang1

East Siang1

Upper Siang1

Tawang1

PakkeKessang1

West Kameng0

Upper Subansiri0

Tirap0

Siang0

Shi Yomi0

Anjaw0

Lower Subansiri0

Lower Dibang Valley0

Longding0

Leparada0

KurungKumey0

KraDaadi0

Kamle0

East Kameng0

Dibang Valley0

Lower Siang0

18,256 194

1,112 146

17,085 47

59 1

DistrictCases

East Khasi Hills22

West Garo Hills5

South West Garo Hills4

North Garo Hills1

West Jaintia Hills1

West Khasi Hills1

East Garo Hills0

East Jaintia Hills0

Ribhoi0

South Garo Hills0

South West Khasi Hills0

16,617 187

1,531 56

14,917 129

169 2

DistrictCases

Kargil77

LehLadakh43

13,866 108

1,597 85

12,129 192

140 1

DistrictCases

Dimapur20

Mon8

Kohima7

Kiphire3

Tuensang3

Peren2

Phek1

Longleng0

Mokokchung0

Wokha0

Zunheboto0

13,750 181

1,073 120

12,577 61

100

DistrictCases

East District3

South District3

North District0

West District0

7,747 170

1,247 141

6,354 26

146 3

DistrictCases

Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

7,334 267

2,081 102

5,249 165

4

DistrictCases

Kolasib11

Aizawl10

Mamit8

Lawngtlai2

Lunglei2

Saitual1

Champhai0

Hnahthial0

Khawzawl0

Saiha0

Serchhip0

6,019 139

1,123 48

4,882 90

14 1

DistrictCases

South Andamans33

Nicobars1

North And Middle Andaman1

5,875 59

165 22

5,643 37

67

DistrictCases

Lakshadweep District0

2,662 158

1,276 109

1,382 46

4 3





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