No Proof COVID Second Wave Due To Virus Variants, But It Is Possible: Virologist Shahid Jameel : News

March 26, 2021 0 Comments



Virologist Shahid Jameel said that the sharp rise in coronavirus infections seen recently is mainly because people have stopped following COVID-appropriate behaviour

Highlights
  • Vaccines won’t work unless we take them: Expert
  • Double mutant variant is the coming together of 2 mutations in same virus
  • It is common for mutants to combine: Expert

New Delhi: There is so far no evidence that the second wave of COVID-19 in the country is due to variants of the virus, but it is possible, said noted virologist Shahid Jameel. He, however, stressed that the sharp rise in coronavirus infections seen recently is mainly because people have stopped following COVID-appropriate behaviour. In an interview with PTI, Mr. Jameel, who has won the coveted Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, said the rollout of vaccines has caused a false sense of security among people.

Also Read: Vaccine Hesitancy Might Pose Threat To Efforts For Ending COVID-19 Pandemic: Study

But vaccines won’t work unless we take them. As of March 25, only 8.1 million people have taken both doses, which is 0.6 per cent of India’s population. Further, 46.4 million people or 3.3 per cent of India’s population have taken only one dose, which gives weak or no protection, he said.

Mr. Jameel further said there is so far no evidence that the second wave is due to variant viruses. “But this is possible”.

“The mortality rate in the second wave appears to be no different. In fact, it appears to be lower than what we saw in August and September 2020, during the first peak,” said Mr. Jameel, who is presently the director of the Trivedi School of Biosciences at Ashoka University.

He said the second wave is mainly because there are enough susceptible people in the country and in the past four months most of the people have stopped following Covid-appropriate behaviour such as wearing masks and avoiding crowded places.

Further, all commercial and recreation activities are back to normal even as the pandemic is still there, Mr. Jameel said.

Registering a steep spike in COVID-19 cases for the 16th day in a row, India on Friday saw 59,118 new coronavirus infections in a day, the highest single-day rise so far this year. The active caseload has breached the 4-lakh mark again after around three-and-half months.

Also Read: COVID-19: UN-Backed Vaccine Delivery Program Warns Of Supply Delays

Asked whether a double mutant variant of the coronavirus is causing this surge in the number of infections, Mr. Jameel said not necessarily, but it can, depending on the properties of the new mutant viruses.

As for the double mutant found in India, we don’t yet know if it is responsible for the surge being observed in some states. Epidemiological correlation is required for that, he said.

A double mutant variant is the coming together of two mutations in the same virus. In the Indian context, this refers to two mutations – L452R and E484Q – both within the receptor-binding domain of the spike protein, coming together, Mr. Jameel explained. Spike proteins play an important role in how these viruses infect their hosts. It is common for mutants to combine, he said.

The UK variant, for example, carries 23 mutations, of which eight are in the Spike protein. The South African variant has nine mutations of which six are in the Spike protein. The Brazil variant has 16 mutations of which 10 are in the spike protein, he said.

Explaining the reason behind such mutations, Mr. Jameel said some of these mutations get ‘selected’ because they offer some advantage to the virus such as better infectivity, ease of transmission from one host to another, evasion of antiviral immunity.

He said the effectiveness of current vaccines, Covaxin and Covishied, against the double mutant variant has not yet been tested. India has detected a new “double mutant” COVID-19 variant of SARS-CoV-2 in Delhi, Maharashtra and some other places in addition to the three “variants of concern” — first noticed in the UK, South Africa and Brazil — that have been found in at least 18 states and union territories. The ministry, however, said it could not be sufficiently established yet if these variants were behind the recent spike in COVID-19 cases in some states.

Also Read: Holi 2021: States And Union Territories Restrict Holi Celebrations Following A Rise In COVID-19 Cases

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

12,67,13,890Cases

5,21,73,641Active

7,17,62,917Recovered

27,77,332Deaths

Coronavirus has spread to 192 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 12,67,13,890 and 27,77,332 have died; 5,21,73,641 are active cases and 7,17,62,917 have recovered as on March 28, 2021 at 4:01 am.

India

1,19,71,624 62714Cases

4,86,310 33663Active

1,13,23,762 28739Recovered

1,61,552 312Deaths

In India, there are 1,19,71,624 confirmed cases including 1,61,552 deaths. The number of active cases is 4,86,310 and 1,13,23,762 have recovered as on March 28, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths

DistrictCases

Mumbai45,478

Thane13,660

Pune9,920

Mumbai Suburban5,363

Aurangabad1,974

Nashik1,575

Raigad1,462

Palghar1,421

Solapur1,291

Jalgaon1,039

Akola757

Nagpur692

Kolhapur646

Satara629

Ratnagiri350

Amravati291

Dhule228

Hingoli208

Jalna201

Ahmednagar190

Nanded176

Yavatmal150

Sangli145

Latur139

Osmanabad125

Sindhudurg114

Buldhana88

Parbhani78

gondia69

Beed54

Nandurbar42

Gadchiroli42

Bhandara41

Chandrapur32

Washim13

Wardha11

26,73,461 35,726

3,04,809 21,037

23,14,579 14,523

54,073 166

DistrictCases

Kannur357

Kasaragod333

Palakkad224

Malappuram119

Kollam118

Thrissur106

Thiruvananthapuram104

Pathanamthitta98

Kozhikode90

Alappuzha76

Kottayam73

Ernakulam60

Idukki40

Wayanad36

11,15,777 2,055

24,541 43

10,86,669 2,084

4,567 14

DistrictCases

Udupi1,176

Kalaburagi669

Yadgir538

Bengaluru Urban529

Raichur369

Mandya346

Belagavi337

Bidar219

Hassan205

Davangere204

Vijayapura201

Dakshina Kannada179

Chikkaballapura149

Mysuru107

Bagalkote103

Uttara Kannada95

Shivamogga67

Dharwad61

Ballari60

Gadag45

Bengaluru Rural40

Tumakuru36

Kolar29

Haveri24

Chikkamagaluru19

Chitradurga14

Koppal5

Kodagu4

Ramanagara3

Chamarajanagara0

9,83,930 2,886

21,271 1,699

9,50,167 1,179

12,492 8

DistrictCases

Kurnool795

Krishna557

Guntur511

Anantapur428

East Godavari356

Chittoor319

Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296

Y.S.R.205

West Godavari199

Srikakulam183

Prakasam104

Visakhapatnam103

Vizianagaram23

8,97,810 947

4,715 570

8,85,892 377

7,203

DistrictCases

Chennai23,324

Chengalpattu1,314

Thiruvallur774

Villupuram509

Kanchipuram503

Tiruvannamalai496

Cuddalore477

Ariyalur444

Tirunelveli433

Tuticorin333

Kallakurichi324

Madurai322

Salem258

Coimbatore188

Virudhunagar185

Dindigul175

Perambalur133

Ranipet133

Thanjavur130

Theni129

Tiruchirappalli119

Ramanathapuram119

Tiruppur116

Kanniyakumari110

Tenkasi103

Nagapattinam99

Karur88

Namakkal83

Erode75

Vellore71

Thiruvarur67

Pudukkottai53

Sivaganga46

Tirupathur45

Krishnagiri43

The Nilgiris17

Dharmapuri15

8,77,279 2,089

12,157 839

8,52,463 1,241

12,659 9

DistrictCases

North West5,463

Central4,817

West4,768

New Delhi3,405

North3,059

East2,472

South East2,446

South West2,391

South2,329

North East1,914

Shahdara1,580

6,55,834 1,558

6,625 574

6,38,212 974

10,997 10

DistrictCases

Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119

Agra933

Ghaziabad794

Meerut504

Lucknow386

Saharanpur298

Kanpur Nagar286

Moradabad252

Varanasi243

Hapur225

Aligarh215

Basti214

Amethi206

Rampur203

Jaunpur194

Firozabad190

Barabanki168

Gorakhpur166

Bulandshahr166

Siddharth Nagar159

Ghazipur159

Bijnor157

Deoria143

Azamgarh138

Sant Kabeer Nagar132

Mathura129

Ayodhya120

Muzaffarnagar117

Sambhal116

Sultanpur97

Ambedkar Nagar92

Maharajganj85

Amroha80

Rae Bareli78

Bahraich73

Kheri72

Kannauj69

Baghpat68

Kushi Nagar67

Bhadohi60

Ballia60

Gonda59

Etah52

Hardoi49

Balrampur49

Mau48

Mainpuri46

Etawah46

Hathras43

Unnao42

Jalaun41

Jhansi41

Shamli40

Chandauli38

Auraiya37

Farrukhabad36

Sitapur32

Prayagraj30

Banda27

Shahjahanpur25

Shravasti23

Budaun23

Mirzapur22

Bareilly17

Kasganj16

Pratapgarh15

Pilibhit15

Sonbhadra10

Kaushambi6

Kanpur Dehat4

Chitrakoot4

Lalitpur3

Hamirpur3

Mahoba3

Fatehpur3

6,12,403 1,102

6,667 843

5,96,953 255

8,783 4

DistrictCases

Kolkata2,777

Howrah1,435

24 Paraganas North1,031

Hooghly604

24 Paraganas South281

Maldah235

Dinajpur Uttar216

Coochbehar210

Birbhum206

Medinipur West159

Medinipur East153

Nadia139

Purba Bardhaman130

Murshidabad125

Bankura116

Darjeeling97

Jalpaiguri88

Paschim Bardhaman70

Purulia66

Dinajpur Dakshin50

Alipurduar39

Kalimpong18

Jhargram9

5,83,839 812

4,608 377

5,68,909 433

10,322 2

DistrictCases

Ganjam581

Jajapur322

Khordha238

Baleshwar190

Kendrapara164

Cuttack155

Bhadrak137

Balangir129

Puri103

Sundargarh102

Jagatsinghapur91

Nayagarh86

Mayurbhanj73

Nuapada69

Gajapati61

Dhenkanal36

Boudh34

Kendujhar34

Deogarh33

Kalahandi33

Sonepur29

Kandhamal28

Anugul26

Malkangiri20

Bargarh16

Koraput16

Sambalpur16

Jharsuguda8

Nabarangpur2

Rayagada2

3,39,904 210

1,413 120

3,36,571 89

1,920 1

DistrictCases

Bilaspur100

Korba100

Mungeli87

Baloda Bazar85

Jashpur77

Janjgir-Champa56

Mahasamund54

Rajnandgaon52

Kabirdham52

Raigarh47

Raipur46

Balod41

Korea39

Durg31

Bemetara21

Kanker19

Balrampur17

Surguja14

Gariyaband10

Surajpur9

Dhamtari6

Bijapur2

Bastar2

Dantewada0

Kondagaon0

Narayanpur0

Sukma0

3,37,940 3,162

17,836 2,529

3,16,043 620

4,061 13

DistrictCases

Jaipur2,177

Jodhpur1,748

Udaipur724

Bharatpur563

Kota503

Nagaur500

Ajmer379

Dungarpur374

Pali352

Jhalawar329

Bhilwara250

Sikar231

Chittorgarh188

Tonk171

Jalore164

Rajsamand140

Sirohi130

Bikaner112

Banswara91

Alwar90

Churu81

Jhunjhunu64

Dausa61

Dholpur60

Baran59

Jaisalmer53

Barmer34

Hanumangarh31

SawaiMadhopur26

Karauli17

Pratapgarh14

Ganganagar8

Bundi5

3,29,595 852

6,358 625

3,20,426 227

2,811

DistrictCases

Hyderabad2,475

Ranga Reddy183

Suryapet87

Jagitial77

Nizamabad76

MedchalMalkajgiri75

Mancherial43

YadadriBhuvanagiri40

Jogulamba Gadwal40

Vikarabad40

Nalgonda33

Warangal Urban32

Mahabubnagar30

Sangareddy26

Khammam26

Adilabad22

Nirmal21

Karimnagar17

RajannaSircilla16

Medak11

Kamareddy11

Mahabubabad10

Jayashankar Bhupalapally9

Nagarkurnool8

Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8

Jangoan8

Siddipet7

Peddapalli5

Bhadradri Kothagudem5

Warangal Rural4

Mulugu3

Narayanpet3

Wanaparthy1

3,06,339 535

4,495 254

3,00,156 278

1,688 3

DistrictCases

Ahmadabad17,125

Surat2,311

Vadodara1,555

Gandhinagar410

Mahesana159

Banas Kantha147

Bhavnagar146

Rajkot135

Arvalli134

Mahisagar125

Anand107

PanchMahals107

Patan105

SabarKantha101

Kachchh99

Kheda98

Jamnagar63

Bharuch56

Botad55

Surendranagar55

Valsad47

GirSomnath45

Dohad43

Chhotaudepur37

Naysari35

Junagadh31

Narmada25

DevbhumiDwarka22

Amreli16

Porbandar11

Tapi6

Dang5

Morbi4

2,98,596 2,276

10,871 737

2,83,241 1,534

4,484 5

DistrictCases

Indore3,839

Bhopal1,880

Ujjain799

Burhanpur351

Neemuch319

Jabalpur276

East Nimar266

Sagar228

Gwalior211

Khargone196

Dewas140

Dhar132

Mandsaur112

Morena109

Bhind87

Raisen71

Barwani60

Ratlam51

Rewa39

Shajapur39

Hoshangabad37

Vidisha37

Chhatarpur35

Betul35

Rajgarh31

Dindori29

Sheopur26

Damoh26

Satna24

Anuppur22

Panna20

Tikamgarh18

Sidhi17

Narsinghpur17

Chhindwara16

Agar Malwa15

Mandla15

Shivpuri15

Jhabua14

Shandol14

Singrauli13

Ashoknagar13

Datia12

Sehore12

Umaria10

Balaghat9

Guna8

Harda4

Alirajpur3

Katni3

Seoni2

Niwari0

2,86,407 2,142

12,995 957

2,69,465 1,175

3,947 10

DistrictCases

Gurugram2,950

Faridabad867

Sonipat404

Rohtak145

Palwal120

Jhajjar114

Karnal104

Hisar98

Ambala93

Panipat78

Nuh68

Bhiwani60

Rewari56

Kurukshetra55

Sirsa50

Kaithal48

Mahendragarh47

CharkiDadri43

Panchkula39

Fatehabad38

Jind38

Yamunanagar19

2,86,327 1,383

8,410 615

2,74,785 761

3,132 7

DistrictCases

Patna279

Bhagalpur266

Rohtas256

Khagaria253

Begusarai243

Madhubani199

Munger188

Jehanabad178

Katihar175

Darbhanga143

Samastipur139

Siwan139

PurbiChamparan138

Purnia135

Banka134

Buxar134

Nalanda123

Gopalganj123

Nawada122

Sheikhpura118

Gaya115

Kaimur (bhabua)105

Bhojpur103

Saran101

Muzaffarpur96

Saharsa88

Supaul87

Vaishali87

Madhepura82

Kishanganj75

Aurangabad75

Sitamarhi73

Lakhisarai72

Araria68

Pashchim Champaran57

Arwal52

Jamui47

Sheohar20

2,64,604 195

1,116 115

2,61,917 78

1,571 2

DistrictCases

Amritsar485

Jalandhar297

Ludhiana293

Tarn Taran163

Gurdaspur154

Hoshiarpur140

S.A.S Nagar137

Patiala132

Sangrur107

Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99

Pathankot86

Rupnagar (Ropar)74

Faridkot74

Sri Muktsar Sahib71

Moga65

Bathinda60

Fatehgarh Sahib57

Fazilka53

Firozepur50

Kapurthala44

Mansa31

Barnala25

2,28,864 2,805

23,271 619

1,98,972 2,141

6,621 45

DistrictCases

Kamrup Metro276

Golaghat203

Nagaon143

Hojai89

Dima Hasao86

Karimganj85

Tinsukia84

Cachar80

Dibrugarh61

Hailakandi57

Lakhimpur57

Marigaon50

Dhemaji47

Kamrup42

Kokrajhar37

Dhubri30

Charaideo29

Barpeta28

Udalguri28

Sonitpur27

Jorhat24

Nalbari23

Darrang20

Sivasagar20

Goalpara19

Biswanath16

Baksa14

KarbiAnglong13

Bongaigaon12

Chirang6

West KarbiAnglong5

South SalmaraMancachar4

Majuli2

2,18,222 46

1,770 23

2,15,348 23

1,104

DistrictCases

Anantnag395

Srinagar300

Kulgam295

Baramulla271

Shopian255

Kupwara231

Bandipora175

Udhampur155

Ramban151

Jammu138

Budgam110

Pulwama108

Kathua53

Rajouri39

Ganderbal37

Poonch35

Doda27

Reasi26

Samba25

Kishtwar10

Mirpur0

Muzaffarabad0

1,29,684 271

1,813 132

1,25,886 138

1,985 1

DistrictCases

East Singhbum170

Ranchi148

Hazaribagh110

Garhwa80

Ramgarh75

Koderma58

Simdega48

Dhanbad32

Gumla28

Palamu27

West Singhbhum21

SaraikelaKharsawan20

Giridih19

Bokaro16

Latehar14

Khunti10

Lohardaga8

Deoghar5

Dumka5

Pakur4

Jamtara2

Godda2

Chatra1

Sahebganj0

1,22,621 340

1,636 237

1,19,878 99

1,107 4

DistrictCases

Dehradun370

Nainital323

Tehri Garhwal110

Haridwar94

Udam Singh Nagar83

Almora71

Champawat45

Pithoragarh43

Chamoli36

PauriGarhwal36

Bageshwar31

Rudraprayag30

Uttar Kashi24

99,515 257

1,339 177

96,467 79

1,709 1

DistrictCases

Hamirpur117

Kangra105

Una41

Solan32

Chamba29

Bilaspur21

Mandi21

Sirmaur11

Shimla10

Kullu4

Kinnaur2

Lahaul And Spiti0

62,383 416

2,361 237

58,989 176

1,033 3

DistrictCases

South Goa69

North Goa57

57,453 170

1,379 100

55,250 69

824 1

DistrictCases

Pondicherry111

Mahe4

Karaikal2

Yanam0

40,964 128

763 127

39,521

680 1

DistrictCases

Dhalai196

Sepahijala174

Gomati74

South Tripura53

Unakoti49

West Tripura45

Khowai24

North Tripura14

33,491 1

49 2

33,050 3

392

DistrictCases

Churachandpur32

Kangpokpi26

Imphal West21

Thoubal18

Imphal East10

Tengnoupal9

Bishnupur7

Senapati6

Chandel5

Kamjong5

Ukhrul4

Jiribam3

Pherzawl3

Kakching2

Tamenglong2

Noney1

29,376 3

58 2

28,944 5

374

DistrictCases

Chandigarh313

25,898 294

2,532 140

22,992 152

374 2

DistrictCases

Changlang31

Papum Pare8

Lohit3

Namsai2

West Siang1

East Siang1

Upper Siang1

Tawang1

PakkeKessang1

West Kameng0

Upper Subansiri0

Tirap0

Siang0

Shi Yomi0

Anjaw0

Lower Subansiri0

Lower Dibang Valley0

Longding0

Leparada0

KurungKumey0

KraDaadi0

Kamle0

East Kameng0

Dibang Valley0

Lower Siang0

16,845 2

4 2

16,785

56

DistrictCases

East Khasi Hills22

West Garo Hills5

South West Garo Hills4

North Garo Hills1

West Jaintia Hills1

West Khasi Hills1

East Garo Hills0

East Jaintia Hills0

Ribhoi0

South Garo Hills0

South West Khasi Hills0

14,031 2

26 0

13,855 2

150

DistrictCases

Dimapur20

Mon8

Kohima7

Kiphire3

Tuensang3

Peren2

Phek1

Longleng0

Mokokchung0

Wokha0

Zunheboto0

12,229

4 0

12,133

92

DistrictCases

Kargil77

LehLadakh43

9,974 9

117 6

9,727 3

130

DistrictCases

East District3

South District3

North District0

West District0

6,226 11

50 9

6,041 2

135

DistrictCases

South Andamans33

Nicobars1

North And Middle Andaman1

5,044 1

7 0

4,975 1

62

DistrictCases

Kolasib11

Aizawl10

Mamit8

Lawngtlai2

Lunglei2

Saitual1

Champhai0

Hnahthial0

Khawzawl0

Saiha0

Serchhip0

4,465 2

26 0

4,428 2

11

DistrictCases

Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

3,580 26

130 21

3,448 5

2

DistrictCases

Lakshadweep District0

714

88 11

625 11

1





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