One Year After WHO Declared COVID-19 A Global Pandemic, The World Continues To Be Under The Threat Of Coronavirus Variants | News

March 12, 2021 0 Comments



One year later, the world is still facing the rage of coronavirus

Highlights
  • COVID-19 outbreak was declared as a pandemic by WHO on March 11, 2020
  • WHO is currently tracking 3 coronavirus variants- B.1.1.7, B.1.351 and P.1
  • There are currently 4.8 crore active cases of COVID-19 worldwide

New Delhi: The World Health Organisation (WHO), on March 11, 2020, declared COVID-19, caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, as a global pandemic. This official declaration of the global pandemic changed the course of actions being taken to fight the outbreak and various countries announced lockdown in the subsequent days to break the chain of transmission. One year later, the world is still facing the rage of coronavirus, more so as it has been mutating, multiplying and some of its variants becoming even more contagious.

Also Read: COVID Vaccination: Experts Answer Queries Related To Coronavirus Vaccine And Comorbidities

While announcing the first-ever pandemic caused by a coronavirus, WHO Director-General, Tedros Adhanom said,

Pandemic is not a word to use lightly or carelessly. It is a word that, if misused, can cause unreasonable fear, or unjustified acceptance that the fight is over, leading to unnecessary suffering and death. Describing the situation as a pandemic does not change WHO’s assessment of the threat posed by this virus. It doesn’t change what WHO is doing, and it doesn’t change what countries should do.

According to the WHO’s COVID-19 data for March 12, there are 4.8 crore active cases of COVID-19 worldwide. While 6.7 crore people have recovered, 26.29 lakh people have died due to COCVID-19 globally.

With over 2.8 crore active cases and more than 5.3 lakh fatalities, the United States continues to remain the worst affected by the global pandemic. In terms of active cases, the United Kingdom is second (41.17 lakh), followed by France (36.83 lakh), Spain (29.55 lakh), Netherlands (11.2 lakh), Brazil (10.2 lakh). India has over 1.97 lakh active cases and suffered the death of over 1.58 lakh people because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India said on March 11 during its weekly press conference that the state of Maharashtra is currently facing the most concerning situation. It said that the reduced testing, tracing and lack of COVID appropriate behaviours have led to the surge in active cases in the state. Apart from Maharashtra, the other states that have high number cases are Kerala, Punjab, Karnataka, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu. These six states are responsible for 85.91 per cent of the new coronavirus cases reported in the past 24 hours.

Also Read: COVID-19 Pandemic: Are New Coronavirus Variants More Contagious? WHO Expert Answers All FAQ About SARS-CoV-2 Mutations?

Keeping Up With The Changing Virus

Since the outbreak has stated, the SARS-CoV-2 virus has been mutating which is a normal phenomenon in viruses when they try to multiply but end up producing erratic copies of themselves, says Dr Preeti Kumar from Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI). She further said that there are thousands of strains of coronavirus are floating across the world but out of those, some are more dominant. According to Dr Maria Van Kerkhove, Epidemiologist and Technical Lead, COVID-19, WHO along with its partners, is currently tracking three virus variants – from the UK (B.1.1.7), South Africa (B.1.351) and Brazil (P.1) – that are circulating around the world.

The B.1.1.7 variant has been detected in more than 100 countries since it was first detected last September in southeast Britain. While answering key questions on SARS-CoV-2 variants, their transmissibility and severity, Dr Kerkhove said,

So far, the information that we have is that there is increased transmissibility in the B.1.1.7 and B.1.351 virus variants. This is resulting from a mutation that allows this virus variant to bind to the human cell more easily. We do not see an increase yet in transmission with the P.1, but that is currently under investigation.

Ramping Up Of Testing

When the pandemic hit the country, it had only the National Institute of Virology (NIV) as a testing centre. The testing facilities were expanded exponentially in the months following the declaration of the pandemic and as of now, there over 2,400 (2,410) testing centres across the country and over 22.4 crore samples have been tested till now. According to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the country has been testing over 7 lakh samples every day. These include the RT PCR test, the rapid antigen test and the antibody tests.

Also Read: ‘Coronavirus Pandemic In Its Endgame’, Says Union Health Minister, Experts Weigh In With Precautions

Vaccine Revolution

In the one year of the pandemic, vaccine development saw a revolution where the scientists and pharmaceutical companies worked on a ‘break-neck speed to come up with the right molecule for an effective vaccine against COVID-19. The massive scale of production of the vaccines, vials, syringes and needles was another challenge that the world is trying to address. According to Dr Aviral Roy, Consultant, Critical Care, Medica Superspeciality Hospital, Kolkata, a vaccine, on average, takes at least 10 years to undergo all trails and pass the required standards for getting approved for immunization. However, to fight the ongoing pandemic, vaccines against coronavirus have been developed within a year.

In India, the COVID-19 vaccination drive was started on January 16 with an aim to inoculate the identified healthcare and frontline workers. The country has given emergency use approval to ‘Covishield’ which has been developed by Oxford University and pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca and produced in India by the Serum Institute of India and ‘Covaxin’ developed by the country’s indigenous Bharat Biotech in collaboration with ICMR.
With the second phase of the nation-wide vaccination drive underway, which allows elderlies and people with comorbidities to get the jab, as many as 26.1 crore doses of the vaccine have been administered so far.

Equitable Distribution Of Vaccines Is Must To Defeat The Pandemic: WHO

According to the WHO, with a fast-moving pandemic, no one is safe unless everyone is safe. Thus, in order to speed up the search for an effective vaccine for all countries and at the same time build supply for a fair distribution of vaccine doses among all countries, WHO had started a global vaccine-sharing initiative called COVAX (COVID-19 Vaccine Global Access).

Now as more people are getting inoculates, countries around the world are looking for easing the restrictions. While vaccines are important is building immunity against the virus and controlling severe infections and mortality, WHO strongly emphasises on not becoming complacent and following all the preventive measures physical distancing, hand hygiene, wearing a mask, adopting respiratory etiquette like covering the mouth with a tissue paper while sneezing, opening the window when in a closed room, avoiding crowded places, staying at home when unwell, getting tested if needed and following the SOP (standard operating procedures) issued locally.

Also Read: COVID-19 Outbreak: New Coronavirus Strains In The Country Could Be More Dangerous, Says Dr Randeep Guleria, Director, AIIMS- Delhi

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

11,84,98,755Cases

4,87,48,094Active

6,71,21,304Recovered

26,29,357Deaths

Coronavirus has spread to 192 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 11,84,98,755 and 26,29,357 have died; 4,87,48,094 are active cases and 6,71,21,304 have recovered as on March 12, 2021 at 4:00 am.

India

1,13,08,846 23285Cases

1,97,237 8011Active

1,09,53,303 15157Recovered

1,58,306 117Deaths

In India, there are 1,13,08,846 confirmed cases including 1,58,306 deaths. The number of active cases is 1,97,237 and 1,09,53,303 have recovered as on March 12, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths

DistrictCases

Mumbai45,478

Thane13,660

Pune9,920

Mumbai Suburban5,363

Aurangabad1,974

Nashik1,575

Raigad1,462

Palghar1,421

Solapur1,291

Jalgaon1,039

Akola757

Nagpur692

Kolhapur646

Satara629

Ratnagiri350

Amravati291

Dhule228

Hingoli208

Jalna201

Ahmednagar190

Nanded176

Yavatmal150

Sangli145

Latur139

Osmanabad125

Sindhudurg114

Buldhana88

Parbhani78

gondia69

Beed54

Nandurbar42

Gadchiroli42

Bhandara41

Chandrapur32

Washim13

Wardha11

22,66,374 14,317

1,07,307 7,067

21,06,400 7,193

52,667 57

DistrictCases

Kannur357

Kasaragod333

Palakkad224

Malappuram119

Kollam118

Thrissur106

Thiruvananthapuram104

Pathanamthitta98

Kozhikode90

Alappuzha76

Kottayam73

Ernakulam60

Idukki40

Wayanad36

10,85,663 2,133

34,082 1,633

10,47,226 3,753

4,355 13

DistrictCases

Udupi1,176

Kalaburagi669

Yadgir538

Bengaluru Urban529

Raichur369

Mandya346

Belagavi337

Bidar219

Hassan205

Davangere204

Vijayapura201

Dakshina Kannada179

Chikkaballapura149

Mysuru107

Bagalkote103

Uttara Kannada95

Shivamogga67

Dharwad61

Ballari60

Gadag45

Bengaluru Rural40

Tumakuru36

Kolar29

Haveri24

Chikkamagaluru19

Chitradurga14

Koppal5

Kodagu4

Ramanagara3

Chamarajanagara0

9,57,584 783

7,820 345

9,37,383 436

12,381 2

DistrictCases

Kurnool795

Krishna557

Guntur511

Anantapur428

East Godavari356

Chittoor319

Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296

Y.S.R.205

West Godavari199

Srikakulam183

Prakasam104

Visakhapatnam103

Vizianagaram23

8,91,178 174

1,158 94

8,82,841 78

7,179 2

DistrictCases

Chennai23,324

Chengalpattu1,314

Thiruvallur774

Villupuram509

Kanchipuram503

Tiruvannamalai496

Cuddalore477

Ariyalur444

Tirunelveli433

Tuticorin333

Kallakurichi324

Madurai322

Salem258

Coimbatore188

Virudhunagar185

Dindigul175

Perambalur133

Ranipet133

Thanjavur130

Theni129

Tiruchirappalli119

Ramanathapuram119

Tiruppur116

Kanniyakumari110

Tenkasi103

Nagapattinam99

Karur88

Namakkal83

Erode75

Vellore71

Thiruvarur67

Pudukkottai53

Sivaganga46

Tirupathur45

Krishnagiri43

The Nilgiris17

Dharmapuri15

8,57,602 685

4,344 137

8,40,723 543

12,535 5

DistrictCases

North West5,463

Central4,817

West4,768

New Delhi3,405

North3,059

East2,472

South East2,446

South West2,391

South2,329

North East1,914

Shahdara1,580

6,42,439 409

2,020 120

6,29,485 286

10,934 3

DistrictCases

Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119

Agra933

Ghaziabad794

Meerut504

Lucknow386

Saharanpur298

Kanpur Nagar286

Moradabad252

Varanasi243

Hapur225

Aligarh215

Basti214

Amethi206

Rampur203

Jaunpur194

Firozabad190

Barabanki168

Gorakhpur166

Bulandshahr166

Siddharth Nagar159

Ghazipur159

Bijnor157

Deoria143

Azamgarh138

Sant Kabeer Nagar132

Mathura129

Ayodhya120

Muzaffarnagar117

Sambhal116

Sultanpur97

Ambedkar Nagar92

Maharajganj85

Amroha80

Rae Bareli78

Bahraich73

Kheri72

Kannauj69

Baghpat68

Kushi Nagar67

Bhadohi60

Ballia60

Gonda59

Etah52

Hardoi49

Balrampur49

Mau48

Mainpuri46

Etawah46

Hathras43

Unnao42

Jalaun41

Jhansi41

Shamli40

Chandauli38

Auraiya37

Farrukhabad36

Sitapur32

Prayagraj30

Banda27

Shahjahanpur25

Shravasti23

Budaun23

Mirzapur22

Bareilly17

Kasganj16

Pratapgarh15

Pilibhit15

Sonbhadra10

Kaushambi6

Kanpur Dehat4

Chitrakoot4

Lalitpur3

Hamirpur3

Mahoba3

Fatehpur3

6,04,791 143

1,742 53

5,94,308 89

8,741 1

DistrictCases

Kolkata2,777

Howrah1,435

24 Paraganas North1,031

Hooghly604

24 Paraganas South281

Maldah235

Dinajpur Uttar216

Coochbehar210

Birbhum206

Medinipur West159

Medinipur East153

Nadia139

Purba Bardhaman130

Murshidabad125

Bankura116

Darjeeling97

Jalpaiguri88

Paschim Bardhaman70

Purulia66

Dinajpur Dakshin50

Alipurduar39

Kalimpong18

Jhargram9

5,77,511 244

3,110 17

5,64,115 258

10,286 3

DistrictCases

Ganjam581

Jajapur322

Khordha238

Baleshwar190

Kendrapara164

Cuttack155

Bhadrak137

Balangir129

Puri103

Sundargarh102

Jagatsinghapur91

Nayagarh86

Mayurbhanj73

Nuapada69

Gajapati61

Dhenkanal36

Boudh34

Kendujhar34

Deogarh33

Kalahandi33

Sonepur29

Kandhamal28

Anugul26

Malkangiri20

Bargarh16

Koraput16

Sambalpur16

Jharsuguda8

Nabarangpur2

Rayagada2

3,37,992 63

667 23

3,35,408 86

1,917

DistrictCases

Jaipur2,177

Jodhpur1,748

Udaipur724

Bharatpur563

Kota503

Nagaur500

Ajmer379

Dungarpur374

Pali352

Jhalawar329

Bhilwara250

Sikar231

Chittorgarh188

Tonk171

Jalore164

Rajsamand140

Sirohi130

Bikaner112

Banswara91

Alwar90

Churu81

Jhunjhunu64

Dausa61

Dholpur60

Baran59

Jaisalmer53

Barmer34

Hanumangarh31

SawaiMadhopur26

Karauli17

Pratapgarh14

Ganganagar8

Bundi5

3,22,281 203

2,142 110

3,17,350 93

2,789

DistrictCases

Bilaspur100

Korba100

Mungeli87

Baloda Bazar85

Jashpur77

Janjgir-Champa56

Mahasamund54

Rajnandgaon52

Kabirdham52

Raigarh47

Raipur46

Balod41

Korea39

Durg31

Bemetara21

Kanker19

Balrampur17

Surguja14

Gariyaband10

Surajpur9

Dhamtari6

Bijapur2

Bastar2

Dantewada0

Kondagaon0

Narayanpur0

Sukma0

3,15,864 378

3,537 192

3,08,452 183

3,875 3

DistrictCases

Hyderabad2,475

Ranga Reddy183

Suryapet87

Jagitial77

Nizamabad76

MedchalMalkajgiri75

Mancherial43

YadadriBhuvanagiri40

Jogulamba Gadwal40

Vikarabad40

Nalgonda33

Warangal Urban32

Mahabubnagar30

Sangareddy26

Khammam26

Adilabad22

Nirmal21

Karimnagar17

RajannaSircilla16

Medak11

Kamareddy11

Mahabubabad10

Jayashankar Bhupalapally9

Nagarkurnool8

Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8

Jangoan8

Siddipet7

Peddapalli5

Bhadradri Kothagudem5

Warangal Rural4

Mulugu3

Narayanpet3

Wanaparthy1

3,00,717 181

1,872 17

2,97,195 163

1,650 1

DistrictCases

Ahmadabad17,125

Surat2,311

Vadodara1,555

Gandhinagar410

Mahesana159

Banas Kantha147

Bhavnagar146

Rajkot135

Arvalli134

Mahisagar125

Anand107

PanchMahals107

Patan105

SabarKantha101

Kachchh99

Kheda98

Jamnagar63

Bharuch56

Botad55

Surendranagar55

Valsad47

GirSomnath45

Dohad43

Chhotaudepur37

Naysari35

Junagadh31

Narmada25

DevbhumiDwarka22

Amreli16

Porbandar11

Tapi6

Dang5

Morbi4

2,75,907 710

3,788 259

2,67,701 451

4,418

DistrictCases

Gurugram2,950

Faridabad867

Sonipat404

Rohtak145

Palwal120

Jhajjar114

Karnal104

Hisar98

Ambala93

Panipat78

Nuh68

Bhiwani60

Rewari56

Kurukshetra55

Sirsa50

Kaithal48

Mahendragarh47

CharkiDadri43

Panchkula39

Fatehabad38

Jind38

Yamunanagar19

2,73,888 442

2,679 239

2,68,144 202

3,065 1

DistrictCases

Indore3,839

Bhopal1,880

Ujjain799

Burhanpur351

Neemuch319

Jabalpur276

East Nimar266

Sagar228

Gwalior211

Khargone196

Dewas140

Dhar132

Mandsaur112

Morena109

Bhind87

Raisen71

Barwani60

Ratlam51

Rewa39

Shajapur39

Hoshangabad37

Vidisha37

Chhatarpur35

Betul35

Rajgarh31

Dindori29

Sheopur26

Damoh26

Satna24

Anuppur22

Panna20

Tikamgarh18

Sidhi17

Narsinghpur17

Chhindwara16

Agar Malwa15

Mandla15

Shivpuri15

Jhabua14

Shandol14

Singrauli13

Ashoknagar13

Datia12

Sehore12

Umaria10

Balaghat9

Guna8

Harda4

Alirajpur3

Katni3

Seoni2

Niwari0

2,66,573 530

4,094 179

2,58,598 347

3,881 4

DistrictCases

Patna279

Bhagalpur266

Rohtas256

Khagaria253

Begusarai243

Madhubani199

Munger188

Jehanabad178

Katihar175

Darbhanga143

Samastipur139

Siwan139

PurbiChamparan138

Purnia135

Banka134

Buxar134

Nalanda123

Gopalganj123

Nawada122

Sheikhpura118

Gaya115

Kaimur (bhabua)105

Bhojpur103

Saran101

Muzaffarpur96

Saharsa88

Supaul87

Vaishali87

Madhepura82

Kishanganj75

Aurangabad75

Sitamarhi73

Lakhisarai72

Araria68

Pashchim Champaran57

Arwal52

Jamui47

Sheohar20

2,62,909 45

324 21

2,61,037 24

1,548

DistrictCases

Kamrup Metro276

Golaghat203

Nagaon143

Hojai89

Dima Hasao86

Karimganj85

Tinsukia84

Cachar80

Dibrugarh61

Hailakandi57

Lakhimpur57

Marigaon50

Dhemaji47

Kamrup42

Kokrajhar37

Dhubri30

Charaideo29

Barpeta28

Udalguri28

Sonitpur27

Jorhat24

Nalbari23

Darrang20

Sivasagar20

Goalpara19

Biswanath16

Baksa14

KarbiAnglong13

Bongaigaon12

Chirang6

West KarbiAnglong5

South SalmaraMancachar4

Majuli2

2,17,745 19

1,625 8

2,15,023 26

1,097 1

DistrictCases

Amritsar485

Jalandhar297

Ludhiana293

Tarn Taran163

Gurdaspur154

Hoshiarpur140

S.A.S Nagar137

Patiala132

Sangrur107

Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99

Pathankot86

Rupnagar (Ropar)74

Faridkot74

Sri Muktsar Sahib71

Moga65

Bathinda60

Fatehgarh Sahib57

Fazilka53

Firozepur50

Kapurthala44

Mansa31

Barnala25

1,93,345 1,305

10,069 667

1,77,280 620

5,996 18

DistrictCases

Anantnag395

Srinagar300

Kulgam295

Baramulla271

Shopian255

Kupwara231

Bandipora175

Udhampur155

Ramban151

Jammu138

Budgam110

Pulwama108

Kathua53

Rajouri39

Ganderbal37

Poonch35

Doda27

Reasi26

Samba25

Kishtwar10

Mirpur0

Muzaffarabad0

1,27,363 75

896 3

1,24,498 77

1,969 1

DistrictCases

East Singhbum170

Ranchi148

Hazaribagh110

Garhwa80

Ramgarh75

Koderma58

Simdega48

Dhanbad32

Gumla28

Palamu27

West Singhbhum21

SaraikelaKharsawan20

Giridih19

Bokaro16

Latehar14

Khunti10

Lohardaga8

Deoghar5

Dumka5

Pakur4

Jamtara2

Godda2

Chatra1

Sahebganj0

1,20,467 31

511 9

1,18,863 40

1,093

DistrictCases

Dehradun370

Nainital323

Tehri Garhwal110

Haridwar94

Udam Singh Nagar83

Almora71

Champawat45

Pithoragarh43

Chamoli36

PauriGarhwal36

Bageshwar31

Rudraprayag30

Uttar Kashi24

97,634 69

642 42

95,294 26

1,698 1

DistrictCases

Hamirpur117

Kangra105

Una41

Solan32

Chamba29

Bilaspur21

Mandi21

Sirmaur11

Shimla10

Kullu4

Kinnaur2

Lahaul And Spiti0

59,439 92

662 63

57,774 29

1,003

DistrictCases

South Goa69

North Goa57

55,676 69

704 29

54,169 39

803 1

DistrictCases

Pondicherry111

Mahe4

Karaikal2

Yanam0

39,954 22

176 3

39,108 25

670

DistrictCases

Dhalai196

Sepahijala174

Gomati74

South Tripura53

Unakoti49

West Tripura45

Khowai24

North Tripura14

33,425

17 1

33,017 1

391

DistrictCases

Churachandpur32

Kangpokpi26

Imphal West21

Thoubal18

Imphal East10

Tengnoupal9

Bishnupur7

Senapati6

Chandel5

Kamjong5

Ukhrul4

Jiribam3

Pherzawl3

Kakching2

Tamenglong2

Noney1

29,309 4

36 1

28,900 3

373

DistrictCases

Chandigarh313

22,697 108

859 43

21,481 65

357

DistrictCases

Changlang31

Papum Pare8

Lohit3

Namsai2

West Siang1

East Siang1

Upper Siang1

Tawang1

PakkeKessang1

West Kameng0

Upper Subansiri0

Tirap0

Siang0

Shi Yomi0

Anjaw0

Lower Subansiri0

Lower Dibang Valley0

Longding0

Leparada0

KurungKumey0

KraDaadi0

Kamle0

East Kameng0

Dibang Valley0

Lower Siang0

16,840

4 0

16,780

56

DistrictCases

East Khasi Hills22

West Garo Hills5

South West Garo Hills4

North Garo Hills1

West Jaintia Hills1

West Khasi Hills1

East Garo Hills0

East Jaintia Hills0

Ribhoi0

South Garo Hills0

South West Khasi Hills0

13,985 2

20 1

13,817 1

148

DistrictCases

Dimapur20

Mon8

Kohima7

Kiphire3

Tuensang3

Peren2

Phek1

Longleng0

Mokokchung0

Wokha0

Zunheboto0

12,217

10 0

12,116

91

DistrictCases

Kargil77

LehLadakh43

9,840 2

41 2

9,669

130

DistrictCases

East District3

South District3

North District0

West District0

6,179 1

50 1

5,994

135

DistrictCases

South Andamans33

Nicobars1

North And Middle Andaman1

5,028

6 0

4,960

62

DistrictCases

Kolasib11

Aizawl10

Mamit8

Lawngtlai2

Lunglei2

Saitual1

Champhai0

Hnahthial0

Khawzawl0

Saiha0

Serchhip0

4,435 1

9 0

4,416 1

10

DistrictCases

Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

3,426

20 0

3,404

2

DistrictCases

Lakshadweep District0

569 45

194 26

374 19

1





Source

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *